Sustainable Sources of Revenue and Monetary Status of Paddy Cultivation Labourers in Selected Areas of Pernambut Taluk
In Tamil Nadu, a constituent state of India, the cultivable area under paddy had reduced over the period of time due to various factors. Pernambut taluk is one among the leading agriculturally developed taluk in Vellore district of Tamil Nadu. Paddy is one of the most important food crops of Pernambut taluk. However, the cultivable area has been reducing over the period of time. Rice is the major staple food for people living in this region. It has the social and economic impacts on people lives. Water scarcity is one of the major challenges to rice production and ultimately food security globally. In the study area famers are willing to adopt new technologies; however there is a need of dissemination and demonstration to adopt these technologies at farmer level to enhance crop productivity and water use efficiency. Innovative research approaches are required to fill the gaps in technological innovations and adoption. Paddy farmers used to get their ready before the rainy season. The weeds are cleared and the field is ploughed by buffaloes or tractors to a depth of few inches. Manures and fertilizers are added to the soil. The study it is concluded that rice growers are facing a lot of problems, during production and marketing. Production problems includes Monsoon failure, lack of water resources, high cost of fertilizers, Non availability of bullock, shortage of labour, Lack of Green leaf bio fertilizers. Marketing problems are large number of middlemen, fluctuation market price, delay in payment, lack of market information, lack of co- operative market. In this background this research article mainly concentrated on the Sustainable Sources of Revenue and Monetary Status of Paddy Cultivation Labourers in Selected Areas of Pernambut Taluk of Vellore District in Tamil Nadu.