Trends of Cold Supply Chain in Logistics Revolution
The essential objective of the study is to compute cold chain logistics in the logistics revolution. The cold chain is accountable for preserving and transporting decayable foods in the correct temperature setting for slowing down the biological decay processes and render safe and better‐quality foods to people. This study shows that the cold chain's efficiency is mostly below than ideal, since temperature variations more or less than the optimal product‐based temperature range frequently happen, which is a condition generally resulting in wastage of food and is a threat to food safety. In this work, field projects on time-temperature situations at every crucial phase of the cold chain are analysed to evaluate the present status of commercial cold chains. Precooling, ground level operations during transportation, storage while exhibiting at retail and household refrigerators, and commercial handling practices are found and considered to be the important drawbacks in the advanced cold chain. The increase in efficiency attained using assessment, analysis, and control of time-temperature conditions is observed and also the technical and real time problems, which make a delay in the implementation of these techniques. A fusion of future experimental and modelling research on precooling evenness, reactive food inventory management systems, and cold chains in developing nations is suggested to improve the cold chain at the global scale.
Author's Name: G. Yoganandham and P. Jayendira Sankar